Veteran's History Project
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The Mediterranean campaigns have long been
overshadowed in the American consciousness by
Veteran's History Project
The Veterans History Project is a project of the Library of Congress aimed at collecting oral history interviews, memoirs, letters, diaries, photographs, and other original materials from veterans of World Wars I and II, and the Korean, Vietnam, and Persian Gulf Wars and the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts (2001-present). Those U.S. citizen civilians who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (such as war industry workers, USO workers, flight instructors, medical volunteers, etc.) are also encouraged to contribute their personal narratives. Members of the public become part of the Veterans History Project after they donate their materials. To learn more, click on the banner above or go to: http://www.loc.gov/vets/vets-home.html
Co-authors Julie Whitman Jones and Thomas J. Sullivan encourage veterans and their families to support the Veteran's History Project of the Library of Congress. Their primary focus is collecting first hand accounts of U.S. veterans from the following wars:
In addition, those U.S. citizen civilians who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (such as war industry workers, USO workers, flight instructors, medical volunteers, etc.) are also invited to share their valuable stories.
Veteran's Organizations - Italian Campaign
New site and forum. Includes history and combat reports.
Thru this site's forum, I made contact with the squad leader of my Uncle.
Includes a complete Roster.
Good site. Honor Roll has names of those killed in Italy.
New and under construction. New site.
339th Infantry Regiment of the 85th Division created by John Heiser, Historian for the Polar Bears.
Veteran's of the troop ship that took the 85th Division to Italy in 1943. Also brought home the POWs of Bataan (movie 'The Raid').
Includes a list of missions & a roster of pilot. Slow to load.
The famous black fighter squadron.
AWON is a national organization of US War orphans of WW2. + Tributes to soldiers killed in duty.
Finding Information on Personal Participation in World War II, a brochure on some of NARA's relevant records, and how to get started.
World War II Army Enlistment Records, created, 6/1/2002 - 9/30/2002, documenting the period ca. 1938 - 1946 - Record Group 64.
Series 111-C, color photographs of Signal Corps activity, 1944-83 (587 ft.), is the primary series of Signal Corps color prints, negatives, transparencies, and 35 mm slides for the period 1944-81 in the National Archives collection.
It also contains a small number of black and white prints and negatives, and a small number of items taken as recently as 1983. Subjects of photographic images include combat, Army posts, equipment, guns and weapons, aircraft, military exercises, military units and Special Forces, medical facilities, military ceremonies, American and foreign prisoners of war, foreign landscapes and populations, foreign armies and equipment, and art work depicting World War II, Korea, and Vietnam.
Typed captions appear on the back of prints; and most negatives, transparencies, and slides have captions on envelopes or slips of paper accompanying them. This series contains over 102,000 images. Items in this series are numbered and arranged by Signal Corps assigned "C" or "CC" numbers.
To assist researchers, several derivative series have been created that organize images into subject specific categories. Prints and negatives are filed in the primary 111-C series, and additional copies of relevant prints are filed in the following secondary series: CCA, army art collection; CCE, military and civilian personalities; CCG, portraits of general officers; CCK, U.S. Army activities in Korea; CCP, portraits of civilian personalities; CCS, U.S. Army Signal Corps, general subject file; CCV, U.S. Army activities in Vietnam; CPF, color print subject file, 1944-54; CRB, U.S. Army activities; and CTC, U.S. Army activities in Cambodia and Thailand. Three of these series are discussed in the following paragraphs.
The Liberation Trilogy
In the second volume of his epic trilogy about the liberation of Europe in World War II, Pulitzer Prize winner Rick Atkinson tells the harrowing story of the campaigns in Sicily and Italy. Explore http://www.liberationtrilogy.com/day_of_battle.htm and view interactive maps, view historical photos and read original historical documents pertaining to the Italian Campaign. NOTE: 196th Signal Photo Company
An Army At Dawn: The War in North Africa, 1943-1944 is the first installment of a three-volume history of the Allied liberation of Europe in World War II, covering the War in North Africa.
The second volume is The Day Of Battle: The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944, covering the Allied invasion and liberation of Italy. NOTE: Major General Matthew B. Ridgeway (right), commander of the 82nd Airborne Division, with a Signal Corps cameraman in central Sicily, July 25, 1943. Don Wiedenmayer identifies the photographer as Frank L. Morang who later received a battlefield commission.
The third volume, a history of the war in Western Europe, will be published in the future.
Units of UNITED STATES and Unit Insignia Patches
The following tables provides a brief description of each Army, Corps and Division that was associated with the American troops. The first table explains the higher commands that were in Italy, but the main purpose is to provide a quick reference for each of the U.S. divisions.
The 5th Army was organized in North African, which shows in the design of the patch. The design of the patch was submitted by General Mark Clark. The 5th Army fought along the west coast of Italy, until the Allies reached the Po Valley, where it spread out in both directions. The 5th Army bore the brunt of many of the battles as the British 8th Army was tired from fighting in North Africa. The current Headquarters of the 5th Army is located in the Quadrangle at Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX.
The II Corps (usually written with Roman numerals) began its operations in North Africa. Later, in Italy the II Corps consisted of mostly US troops until more units appeared in 1945.
The IV Corps arrived
Italy in March 1944 and entered combat in June 11, 1944. Fought
continuously for 401 days. CG was Lt-Gen A. M. Patch and Maj-Gen Wilis
The VI Corps was the American half of the 5th Army invasion of Italy at Salerno. It was commanded by Maj. Gen. Ernest J. Dawley and consisted of the 36th and 45th divisions and part of 82nd Airborne Division. Maj. Gen.John P. Lucas commanded the corps during the Anzio landings. Later it was composed of American and British.
British 8th Army had fought a long hard campaign in the desert of North
Africa before going into Sicily and then to Italy. The 8th Army landed on
the "toe" of Italy a few days before the 5th landed at Salerno. From
there, they progressed up the east coast of Italy. Many of the
experienced units were transferred out of Italy, but the 8th Army remained
during entire war.
ALLIED ARMY - Order of Battle Gothic Line - 25th August 1944
the fall of Rome, the Germans retreated back across the Arno River and into the
natural defenses of the Appenine Mountains. Several experienced Allied
divisions were pulled out of Italy and sent to southern France. The Allied Army
launched an attack against the well-prepared GOTHIC Line defenses without a
man-power superiority required for victory.
The Germans were able to hold the Allied advance and prevent them from entering the Po Valley before the fall rains and winter came. This is the organization of the Corps and Divisions during the fall of 1944. The commanders names are listed in (paranthesis).
FIFTEENTH ARMY GROUP (Alexander)
FIFTH U.S. ARMY (Clark)
34TH INFANTRY DIVISION (Walker)
88TH INFANTRY DIVISION (Kendall)
91ST INFANTRY DIVISION (Livesay)
6TH SOUTH AFRICAN ARMORED DIVISION (Poole)
85TH INFANTRY DIVISION (Coulter)
442ND REGIMENTAL COMBAT TEAM
XIII BRITISH CORPS (Kirkman)
1ST (BRITISH) INFANTRY DIVISION (Loewen)
6TH (BRITISH) ARMORED DIVISION (Murray)
8TH (INDIAN) INFANTRY DIVISION (Russell)
BRAZILIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (Mascarenas de Morais)
1ST U.S. ARMORED DIVISION (Prichard)
EIGHTH BRITISH ARMY
1ST ARMOURED DIVISION (Hull)
4TH INFANTRY DIVISION (Ward)
4TH (INDIAN) INFANTRY DIVISION (Holworthy)
46TH INFANTRY 'NORTH MIDLAND' DIVISION (Hawkesworth)
56TH INFANTRY 'LONDON' DIVISION (Whitfield)
7TH ARMOURED BRIGADE
25TH TANK BRIGADE
I CANADIAN CORPS (Burns)
1ST INFANTRY DIVISION (Vokes)
2ND NEW ZEALAND DIVISION (Freyberg)
5TH ARMOURED DIVISION (Hoffmeister)
21ST TANK BRIGADE
3RD GREEK MOUNTAIN BRIGADE
II POLISH CORPS (Anders)
3RD CARPATHIAN RIFLE DIVISION
5TH KRESOWA INFANTRY DIVISION
2ND ARMOURED BRIGADE
X BRITISH CORPS (McCreery)
10TH (INDIAN) INFANTRY DIVISION (Reid)
9TH ARMOURED BRIGADE
2ND NEW ZEALAND INFANTRY DIVISION
3RD GREEK MOUNTAIN BRIGADE
Spring Offensive 1945
consisted of IV Corps in the west, under Maj. Gen. Willis D. Crittenberger, and
the U.S. II Corps in the east, under Maj. Gen. Geoffrey Keyes
34th Infantry Division
85th Infantry Division
88th Infantry Division
91st Infantry Division
92nd Infantry Division
92nd Infantry Division
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fgFo9o4a9DM - Miracle of St. Anna Spike Lee trailer
The Last Battle: The Uphill Battle of the 10th Mountain Division - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BVmjVe5AKn8
10th Mountain Division
1st Armored Division
442d Regimental Combat Team
1st Brazilian Infantry Division
Italian Legnano Combat Group
6th South African Armored Division
British Eighth Army,
commanded by General Sir Richard L. McCreery, included the Polish 2d Corps and
the British 5th, 10th, and 13th Corps, and controlled eight divisions from four
different nations, as well as four free Italian battle groups and a Jewish
DIADEM - Allied attack on 11 May 1944,
Fifth Army casualties
17,931 US casualties: 3,145 KIA, 13,704 WIA, and 1,082 MIA.
10,635 French (5th Army) casualties
3,355 British (5th Army) casualties
Eighth Army casualties 11,639
Total Allied - 43,000
German 38,000, for 10th and 14th Armies, not including 15,606 PW.
GOTHIC LINE -
September 12-18 - Attack to capture Il Futa Pass
II Corps(91st & 85th Divisions) had sustained 2,730 casualties.
September 22 - 31, 88th Division suffered 2,105 casualties.
October 4 - 91st Division lost over 1,730 American casualties in just four days.
October 5-9 - Fifth Army units advanced only three more miles, taking an additional 1,400 casualties.
In Summary, between 10 September and 26 October, 1944
II Corps(4 divisions) over 15,000 casualties ( 88th Division alone over 5,000 men).
Eighth Army - 14,000 casualties for about same period.
AMERICAN CASUALTIES - 5th Army
189,000 casualties within all US and foriegn units of the US 5th Army.
American Casualties: 109,642 including 19,475 Killed.
Source: "Calculated Risk" by Gen. Clark
Click here to register a veteran with the WW II Memorial Registry! The memory of America's World War II generation is preserved within the physical memorial and through the World War II Registry of Remembrances, an individual listing of Americans who contributed to the war effort. Any U.S. citizen who helped win the war, whether a veteran or someone on the home front, is eligible for the Registry. Names in the Registry will be forever linked to the memorial's bronze and granite representations of their sacrifice and achievement.
196th Signal Photo Company Photographers - Selected Photos
These special tribute pages features some of the significant still photography of five Army Signal Corps photographers who served in the 196th Signal Photo Company. They include:
Harry Morgan/ Cecil "Max"Campbell / John Mason / Donald Wiedenmayer / Jerry Kosseff
Index to 196th Signal Photo Company - Still Photo Gallery
Known Army Signal Corps photographs attributed by Signal Corps serial number to individual members of the 3131st Signal Service Company and the 196th Signal Photo Company, Italian Campaign, 1944-1945. These photos were obtained from the National Archives and the public domain.
A-F / G-L / M-R / S-Z
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O'Connell's Equipment: Bell & Howell 35mm Eyemo Camera
Captain Melvin Gillette / Architect of the Army Pictorial Service
Selected Reference Materials (Orders and Official Documents) / Army Pictorial Service - North Africa
196th SPC - Awards and Decorations/ 196th SPC Roll of Honor / 196th SPC - Unit History
/ 196th SPC - Campaign for Sicily / 196th SPC - Motion Picture Coverage / 196th - Still Photo Coverage
Bibliography / Veteran's History Project / Nauders Crossroads - 1945
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© The Last Farewell - A journey of the heart
By Edmund Burke O'Connell and co-authors Julie Whitman Jones and Thomas J. Sullivan, Jr.
email the authors: firstname.lastname@example.org